In Memorium: Jacobus Witbooi

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A year ago today, the PAI Family lost our sibling, Jacobus Witbooi. We’d like to commemorate today with these messages:













“Today marks one year since Jacobus left us, it’s been a tough year without you. Your joy and smile that embraced us is what kept us afloat. Your hard work and dedication is what has been the courage for us all to continue with the good works you had started. You may not be with us today but your spirit lives on within us.” – Richard Lusimbo, PAI Co-Chair  

“Its been a year since you passed away. I hope you know how much you meant to us. You were just like a candle full of light and comradeship. Your life was a blessing, your memory a treasure. You are loved beyond words and missed beyond measure. May you continue to rest in eternal peace. Much love. Always.” – Nate Brown, PAI Finance Manager

“Jacobus, no day goes by without missing you, everything that you embodied, your colorful presence, beauty, humor and commitment to improving the lives of others less fortunate. I have held on to you for a year now but now I must let go, let you fly away so you can join the other angels! Rest In Power brother…I will always remember and be inspired to do more!” 🌈💕Monica Tabengwa – PAI Director


A video made by Iranti-org on the passing of Jacobus:

Pan Africa ILGA Welcomes New Staff Members

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02 May 2017

Joburg, South Africa: Pan Africa ILGA Welcomes New Staff Members

Pan Africa ILGA welcomes Anthony Oluoch and Sivu Siwisa who are joined us on 2 May 2017 as our new Programmes Manager and Programme Officer: Communications, respectively.

Anthony Oluoch is a Kenyan lawyer who has worked within the LGBTI movement for the past 7 years. He worked as the Legal and Human Rights Officer at the Gay and Lesbian Coalition of Kenya where he was instrumental in the design and initial implementation of what was then, a strategy towards decriminalization of adult consensual same sex conduct. He then joined Gay Kenya Trust, an organization that works towards equality and non-discrimination for all including gay and lesbian individuals in Kenya. He currently sits on the advisory panel of the Queen’s Young Leaders Award and the board of the IDAHOT Committee.

Sivu Siwisa is a Black Queer Non-Conforming Feminist and LGBTIAPQ+ activist with a huge appetite for communications, advocacy, movement building and organising. They are a Communications Specialist by training, and are committed to using feminist frameworks to create communications tools and strategies for social justice work across the continent. Sivu has worked for South Africa’s leading advertising agencies as a Copywriter and has also worked at Gender DynamiX as a Media and Communication Officer. They were instrumental in the inception of the Alternative Inclusive Pride and has been an active contributor in organising of Khumbulani Pride. Sivu was named Brand South Africa’s 40 under 40 for their gender activism work and was also named as one of Mail & Guardian’s 200 Young South Africans to look out for, for their contribution to Civil Society.
Mr. Oluoch and Siwisa join PAI at a time when the organisation is growing, with the aim to meet its strategic goals for the next three years. They both bring with them a wealth of experience, strength and a vision towards making PAI a regional body that benefits all her members.

We are very proud to have Tony and Sivu joining our team. Please join us in welcoming them! They can be reached at and

For more enquiries contact Richard Lusimbo-Co-Chair PAI Board at, +27795558219 or Monica Tabengwa-Executive Director at +27767958245

Uganda: Investigate Break-ins at Groups’ Offices

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ILGA and Pan Africa ILGA are among the 31 human rights groups demanding investigations on a series of attacks on Ugandan non-governmental organizations and human rights defenders

(Kampala) – The Uganda Police Force (UPF) should promptly, thoroughly, and transparently investigate a series of attacks on Ugandan non-governmental organizations and human rights defenders and hold suspects accountable, 31 Ugandan and international human rights groups said today in a letter to the police inspector general. The severity of one of the recent attacks, in which intruders beat a security guard to death, demonstrates the urgency of addressing these attacks, for which no-one has been held responsible.

Between April and May 2016, intruders broke into the offices of at least three groups in Kampala – the Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE), the Human Rights Awareness and Promotion Forum (HRAPF), and the Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda (HRNJ-Uganda). The break-ins followed more than two dozen previous break-ins at the offices of non-governmental groups since 2012. Although the police inspector general formed a committee of eight officers to investigate the break-ins in July 2014, no one has yet been brought to justice.

“The lack of accountability for attacks on non-governmental organizations has apparently led to an atmosphere in which attackers felt free to kill a security guard, in order to accomplish their aims,” said Maria Burnett, senior Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The Uganda Police Force needs to live up to its obligation to actively investigate these cases and bring those responsible to justice.”

At HRAPF, the assailants beat to death security guard Emmanuel Arituha, ransacked the offices of the director and deputy director, and stole documents and a television screen. They did not, however, take computers, laptops, or other electronic equipment. Colleagues remembered Arituha as “always smiling and very committed to his work.” At the time he was killed, he had been helping to pay his two younger siblings’ school fees.

At FAWE, intruders stole a server, laptop and desktop computers, cameras, and projectors. At HRNJ-Uganda, camera footage shows a visitor apparently providing a dish of food containing sedatives to the security guards, allowing four intruders to search the premises after the guards fell asleep. More than two weeks after the most recent attack, police have not made any arrests.

Organizations whose offices were broken into in 2014 included Human Rights Network-UgandaAnti-Corruption Coalition UgandaUganda Land AllianceAction Group for Health, Human Rights and HIV/AIDS, and Lira NGO Forum. The groups are all known for their work on sensitive subjects – including corruption, land rights, freedom of expression, and the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people – and for criticizing government policies.

In a further attack on the premises of Uganda Land Alliance in July 2015, another security guard, Richard Oketch, was beaten to death. No one has been arrested for his murder.

Each incident has been reported to the police in a timely fashion, but police efforts to investigate and collect evidence such as witness statements, DNA, and CCTV footage have been limited and lacked follow-up. In some cases, the police did not respond to the complaints or, more commonly, provided no substantive update on the status of investigations.

“Human rights defenders already work in a challenging and often repressive environment in Uganda,” said Adrian Jjuuko, executive director of HRAPF. “We’re determined to continue our work on behalf of the Ugandan people, but we need the police to stop disregarding these threats to our property, our physical security, and even our lives.”

As a state party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Ugandan government should ensure the right to life and the right to liberty and security for all persons, as well as the right to freedom of association, both of which are severely impeded when organizations cannot conduct their work in a safe and secure environment. As set out in the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, countries have a duty to protect human rights defenders “against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure, or any other arbitrary action” as a consequence of their work to uphold human rights.

The organizations that sent the letter to the police inspector general called on him to clarify the steps the police have taken to investigate the most recent break-ins, as well as the previous wave of break-ins in 2014. The letter also asked the inspector general to outline how the police will protect human rights defenders, including HRAPF and others whose offices have been attacked, from further acts of violence.

“The lack of accountability and persistent impunity for attacks on human rights defenders and their offices sends a message that authorities condone and tolerate such attacks,” said Sarah Jackson, Deputy Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes at Amnesty International. “Ending impunity is essential to protecting and ensuring a safe and enabling environment for human rights defenders.”

Signatories to the letter include:

Amnesty International, Kenya
Centre for Human Rights – University of Pretoria, South Africa
Chapter Four Uganda, Uganda
COC-Netherlands, Netherlands
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, India
Community Development and Child Welfare Initiatives (CODI) Uganda, Uganda
EHAHRDP/Defend Defenders, Uganda
FOKUS – Forum for Women and Development, Norway
Foundation for Human Rights Initiative, Uganda
Freedom House, United States
FRI – The Norwegian Organization for Sexual and Gender Diversity, Norway
Health GAP, United States
Human Dignity Trust, United Kingdom
Human Rights Awareness and Promotion Forum, Uganda
Human Rights Network for Journalists, Uganda
Human Rights Network, Uganda
Human Rights Watch, United States
Icebreakers, Uganda
International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), Switzerland
Initiative for Social and Economic Rights (ISER), Uganda
Legal Aid Service Providers Network-Laspnet, Uganda
NGO Forum, Uganda
Pan Africa ILGA, South Africa
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights, United States
Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG), Uganda
The African Centre for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture Victims (ACTV), Uganda
The National Coalition on HRDs, Uganda
Uganda Land Alliance, Uganda
Uganda Network of AIDS Service Organisations (UNASO), Uganda
Unwanted Witness, Uganda

Link to ILGA statement

PAI Extends Their Thanks To Conference Participants

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The Pan Africa ILGA Board and staff would like to extend their heartfelt appreciation and thanks to all those who participated in the 3rd PAI Regional Conference held in Johannesburg, South Africa, May 14-18, 2016.

The event brought together 180 participants from 34 countries in Africa. It attracted a diverse range of expert presentations including by key political figures, judges, human rights commissioners, human rights defenders and activists, donors and other regional and international allies.

The conference was about being part of a community; of belonging to a community of LGBTI citizens who came together to claim their rightful place in the continent; their right to belong in Africa and in their respective countries and communities, as FULL and EQUAL citizens.

The theme of the conference was ‘African Bodies: Breaking Ground Building Bridges”: As we celebrated our diversity and unity we also remembered those who laid the foundations, those who took the initial steps, and whose lives and livelihoods have been lost and/or destroyed, whose bodies have suffered indignity for our cause, and honoured those whose bodies continue to be the battleground of the struggle against inequality, discrimination, segregation and human rights violations!

Because We are proudly Africans, We refuse to be silenced or intimidated by bigotry, hate or intolerance, We shall continue to fight for social justice, equality, inclusion and recognition.

The 4th PAI Regional Conference will be held in 2018 in Gaborone, Botswana, we will be looking forward to more collaboration and community with you! Thank you one, thank you all!!


UN Resolution on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Contact Your Government Today to Protect Human Rights!

By | Pai, SOGI | No Comments
What’s up?
      At the current session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, 6 States from Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay) have joined together to present a resolution on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity.
      This resolution follows on the 2011 UN resolution on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity presented by South Africa and the 2014 resolution presented by the Latin American core group. This year, the 6 Latin American states have announced their intention to bring a resolution to create a UN Independent Expert on SOGI during the current June session of the Human Rights Council.
      The resolution is expected to come up for a vote in the Council towards the end of June. We therefore have only two weeks to contact governments and send a clear message that human rights violations on these grounds are not acceptable – ever – and that the UN has a responsibility to address the issues in a systematic way through establishment of a UN Independent Expert on SOGI.
Why is it important to have an Independent Expert to address SOGI-related violence and discrimination?
Human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity persist in all regions of the world. About 73 countries still criminalize same-sex sexual relations. Furthermore, there were about 2115 reported killings of trans and gender diverse people in 65 countries worldwide between January 2008 and April 2016. Around the world, people face discrimination in accessing health care, housing, work and education because of their sexual orientation and gender identity.  A UN Independent Expert on SOGI will contribute significantly by:
      addressing protection on these and related issues within the UN system, by allowing more detailed exploration of the situation of specific populations, specific patterns of violations and intersectionalities between human rights violation based on SOGI and on other ground, including looking at the root causes of why such violence and discrimination take place 
      encouraging more effective responses by Governments, the UN and other stakeholders about SOGI issues
      engaging in constructive dialogue with States and other stakeholders, and bringing greater clarity to the application of international human rights norms and standards in relation to SOGI.
The discrimination and violence that persons face on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity is of course also fundamentally linked with other forms of discriminatory repression: on the basis of HIV status, disability, race, occupation, sex, gender, class, language and many others. Understanding and addressing the root causes of discrimination and oppression of all persons is at the core of any response, and accordingly civil society is pushing for the resolution to include language that recognizes and gives effect to this fundamental principle.
 What can I do? 
The position of most States will be determined by their Foreign Ministries in capitals. Please take action today to urge your government to support the resolutionOnly Members of the Council (listed below) may vote, although non-Member States can still “cosponsor” the resolution to demonstrate their support.
Is my government a member of the Human Rights Council?
The current voting members of the UN Human Rights Council are:
(see end of this message for their positions on SOGI issues at the UN)
·       From Africa: Algeria, Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Togo. 
·       From Asia Pacific: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Mongolia, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Viet Nam. 
·       Eastern Europe: Albania, Georgia, Latvia, Russian Federation, Slovenia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 
·       From Latin America & the Caribbean: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 
·       From Western Europe and Other States: Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
What if my government is not a Council member? How can they support the resolution?
If your State is not a member of the Human Rights Council, it may still co-sponsor the resolution. “Co-sponsorship” means they may endorse the resolution to demonstrate their support, even though they cannot vote.  The more cross-regional cosponsors the resolution has, the more it will encourage voting Members to also demonstrate their support. Your state can co-sponsor the resolution simply by informing – through diplomatic channels – one of the six Latin American States (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay) that it wishes to do so.
What is my country’s position on SOGI issues at the UN?
We are listing at the end of this message an overview of the position on SOGI issues of all voting Council Members. Other States which have supported previous SOGI initiatives may also be approached for co sponsorship.
How do I contact my government?
  NGOs and people in-country are in the best position to decide who to contact in their country.
   Perhaps the most important contact is your government’s Foreign Ministry in your capital.  It is the Foreign Ministry in your own country, which will ultimately instruct your government representatives how to vote. It may also be worth contacting SOGI-friendly Embassies in your capital to encourage them to speak to your Foreign Ministry. Other ministries in your government may also influence the decision of the Foreign Ministry, so if you have connections with, for example, the President’s office, the Justice Ministry etc these could all also be helpful.
● Contact details for the Foreign Ministry of each country can be found at:
  It is also useful to copy any message to your country’s Ambassador in Geneva. Contact details for the Geneva missions of each State can be found at:
What should I tell them?
·       Backgrounder with more information about the resolution is attached, which you can share with your government. Point out that an Independent Expert would focus systematic and much-needed attention to help address violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity and related issues, while also emphasizing that an Independent Expert would also engage in constructive dialogue, share good practicesbuild awareness and provide support to governments open to addressing these issues. 
·       If your government has abstained on these issues in the past, encourage them to support the resolution.  If your government has opposed previous consideration of SOGI issues, encourage them to support the resolution – or at least to abstain or refrain from voting against human rights. If your government has supported previous SOGI initiatives, encourage them to co-sponsor the text and ask them to urge other States to also vote in favor of the resolution. 
·       Whatever your government’s position, urge them to oppose any procedural blocking tactics that could be used to prevent the resolution being considered on its merits. 
·       You know your own country best. Feel free to tailor this information to the context of your country or region, while maintaining a constructive approach. 
·       Where possible and appropriate, work in coalition with other civil society, both LGBT civil society and more widely. A united NGO approach to your government is often strongest. 
·       It is a good idea to ask for a specific response to your request. You may also wish to request an urgent meeting to discuss the matter further.
Questions or further information?
Please keep us informed of your country’s response so that we can support your advocacy and follow-up here in Geneva. NGOs from diverse regions are closely monitoring the initiative, and may be reached at:
Please act today! Thank you for your work to support human rights protections on these grounds.
List of voting Human Rights Council Members and their past positions on SOGI issues at the UN:
·      Algeria (has consistently opposed SOGI recognition)
·      Botswana (expressed support for African Commission SOGI resolution at HRC26; spoke against SOGI-related violence at High Level Segment of the HRC in March 2016)
·      Burundi (abstained on SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      Congo (has opposed SOGI recognition)
·      Côte d’Ivoire (did not vote on SOGI inclusion in executions resolution, and abstained on a SOGI-related NGO ECOSOC-status vote)
·      Ethiopia (abstained on SOGI inclusion in executions resolution)
·      Ghana (voted against SOGI resolution in 2011 and abstained on SOGI inclusion in in EJE resolution)
·      Kenya (abstained on SOGI inclusion in executions resolution)
·      Morocco (has opposed SOGI recognition)
·      Namibia (abstained in the 2011 SOGI resolution)
·      Nigeria (has opposed SOGI recognition)
·      South Africa (lead State and cosponsor of SOGI resolution in 2011; endorsed 2011 SOGI joint statement; voted in favour of the 2014 SOGI resolution)
·      Togo (abstained on SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      Bangladesh (voted against SOGI resolution in 2011 and against inclusion of SOGI in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      China (abstained on SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      India (voted in favour of SOGI in extrajudicial executions resolution & ECOSOC accreditation of LGBTI NGOs; abstained on SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      Indonesia (has opposed SOGI recognition, but has some domestic protections for LGBT persons)
·      Kyrgyzstan (abstained on SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution and did not vote on SOGI resolution in 2011)
·      Maldives (opposed SOGI inclusion in executions resolution in 2012, abstained in 2010)
·      Mongolia (voted in favour of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      Philippines (abstained on SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution & ECOSOC votes, voted in favor of SOG resolution 2014, has expressed openness in GA discussions)
·      Qatar (voted against SOGI resolution in 2011 and against SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      Republic of Korea (voted in favour of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution and in favor of SOGI resolutions 2014 and 2011)
·      Saudi Arabia (has consistently opposed SOGI recognition)
·      United Arab Emirates (has consistently opposed SOGI recognition)
·      Viet Nam (voted in favor of SOGI resolution in 2014, accepted UPR recommendations on SOGI)
Central and Eastern Europe:
·      Albania (voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014, voted in favor of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions)
·      Georgia (voted in favour of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions resolution)
·      Latvia (co-sponsored and voted in favor of SOGI resolution in 2014 and in favor of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions)
·      Russian Federation (has consistently opposed SOGI recognition)
·      The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (voted in favor of SOGI resolution in 2014)
Latin America and Caribbean:
·      Bolivia (Plurinational State of) (co-sponsored and voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      Cuba (voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      El Salvador (voted in favor of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions; however also leads on another resolution (Protection of the Family) that opposes SOGI-inclusive language)
·      Mexico (voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014; is a member of the core group of States bringing the resolution)
·      Panama (voted in favor of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions)
·      Paraguay (voted in favor of SOGI inclusion in extrajudicial executions)
·      Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) (co-sponsor of SOGI resolution in 2011, voted in favor of SOGI resolution in 2014)
Western Group:
·      Belgium (co-sponsored SOGI resolutions in 2014 and voted in favor in 2011)
·      France (co-sponsored and voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      Germany (co-sponsored SOGI resolution in 2011 and voted in favor in 2014)
·      Netherlands (co-sponsored SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      Portugal (co-sponsored SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014)
·      Switzerland (co-sponsored SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014, and voted in favor in 2011)
·      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (co-sponsored and voted in favor of SOGI resolutions in 2011 and 2014,

Sexual Minorities Uganda Files Case Challenging the Refusal to Register their Organisation

By | Pai, Uganda | No Comments

Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) with the legal support of Human Rights Awareness and Promotion Forum (HRAPF) has today filed an application in the High Court, challenging the refusal by the Uganda Registration Service Bureau (URSB) to reserve their name and therefore by extension denying them registration.

SMUG seeks to improve the human rights situation for sexual minorities in Uganda through advocacy, policy reform, economic empowerment, health, counseling, among other services. In 2012, SMUG sought registration as a company limited by guarantee so that it can assume the benefits and obligations of a registered organisation under Ugandan law. The URSB however denied reservation of their name on the grounds that same sex relations are criminalised under Section 145 of the Penal Code.

In the case filed at the High Court, SMUG challenges the refusal to reserve its name and consequently to register the organisation as a violation of the rights to: equal protection of the law; freedom of association; expression; assembly; and conscience; rights of minorities to participate in decision-making processes; affirmative action in favor of a group of persons marginalized by history, tradition and custom; fair treatment in administrative decisions; as well as the right to participatein peaceful activities to influence the policies of government through civic organisations. These are all rights that are expressly protected in the Constitution of Uganda and which accrue to everyone regardless of their status.

The High Court has before ruled that Section 145 of the Penal Code only criminalises specific sexual acts, and not the person. On this basis, the application asserts thatthe Registrar General could not rely on Section 145 do deny registration to an organisation providing legitimate support services to a marginalised community.

The application seeks orders compelling the URSB to reserve the name Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) and consequently to register the organisation.

International human rights law and Uganda’s Constitution protect all organisations doing legitimate work including those working with marginalised groups, and the Constitution requires all organs of the state to uphold the Constitution and uphold fundamental human rights. This is the basis of this application.